Adjustment Disorders are found in approximately 10% of adults and 32% of adolescents. They are generally self-limiting, not lasting more than 6 months in duration. Adults generally have a course that is more limited and less severe than adolescents, and require less treatment.
Cyclothymia is a mood disorder in which the client displays the characteristic ups and downs (depressions and euphorias) of Bipolar Disorder, to a much lower extent, to the point of not qualifying for a diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder. These symptoms must last for a period of at least two years, with no period longer than 2 months in which they have been at a normal state, and no mixed episodes may have occurred.
Dysthymic Disorder (Dysthymia) presents with a chronic feeling of ill being or lack of interest in activities that were formerly enjoyable, but to a lesser level than that required for Major depression. In addition, the symptoms have to have been present for at least two years either continually or episodically (off and on). There may be periods of well being that last no longer than several weeks, and normal moods that last no longer than several months. A major depression may be superimposed on a dysthymic disorder, in which is colloquially called a "double depression".
The person with a Paranoid Personality Disorder essentially has an ongoing, unbased suspiciousness and distrust of people. Along with this, they are emotionally detached. In order to have this diagnosis, the person would have to have seen others as having malevolent intentions, by early adulthood in different situations, as indicated by a number of different factors. These factors include: suspicion that others are exploiting, or deceiving them, that others may not be loyal or trustworthy, believes there are threats or attacks on their character in innocent statements that others do not see, and bears persistent grudges. Additionally, this is not a diagnosis which would be used if the person also has Paranoid Schizophrenia, a separate diagnosis, for example, among other diagnosis which would exclude it.
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Little is known about Schizoaffective Disorder. Some experts believe that it is a provisionsal diagnosis until it can be determined if a patient truly has schizophrenia or an affective disorder. However, it is included in the DSM-IV as an actual diagnosis, and must be treated as such.
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Mental Health Maps